Essential Architecture-  Iraq

Shrine of Imam Dur

architect

Abu Shakir ibn Abi' l-Faraj

location

Dur (near Samarra)

date

1085

style

Islamic Abbasid

construction

 

type

Mosque
 
  Exterior view and Section
 
  Vaulting
   
The Imam Dur, the tomb of the 'Uqaylid amir, Sharaf ad-Dawla Muslim, dates to 1085. This brick mausoleum introduces a muqarnas dome, the first of its kind in Iraq. Bastions project from the four corners supporting this square structure. Its exterior is plain with layered sections on each fa├žade of geometrically patterned, raised brick towards the top of the structure. The architect's name, Abu Shakir ibn Abi' l-Faraj is inscribed in one of these. The inner chamber is also square in plan featuring a domed room with four corner niches that form the support for the octagonal structure from which the five-tiered muqarnas dome climbs. The dome concludes at great height with a small, fluted cupola. The tomb's interior is adorned with stucco ornamentation that recalls earlier 'Abbasid decoration.



Sources:

Michell, George. ed. 1978. Architecture of the Islamic World; Its History and Social Meaning. London: Thanes & Hudson, 251.

Ettinghausen, Richard and Grabar, Oleg. 1987. The Art and Architecture of Islam 650-1250. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 296-7.

links

Special thanks to the Islamic architecture website http://archnet.org/
www.essential-architecture.com