Essential Architecture-  Iraq

Al Kadhimain Mosque, Baghdad






1515 AD






Kadhimain Shrine
Al-Kadhimeyya is one of the oldest towns in Iraq. Before the construction of Baghdad, Al-Kadhimeyya was known as Shoneezi, an Arab name meaning the Black Grain. When the Abbasid Caliph Abu Ja'far Al-Mansour started the construction of the Round City of Baghdad in 762 AD (145 AH), he made that area a cemetery named the Qureish cemeteries; containing the bodies of his family.

Imam Musa bin Ja'far who died in 799 AD (183 AH) was buried in this cemetery. He was known as Al-Kadhim, which means the person whom can control and suppress his anger. Afterwards, his grandson, Imam Mohammad Al-Jawad who died in 834 AD (219 AH) was buried there. The two are descendants of the Prophet Mohammad (pbuh).

Kadhimain Shrine was constructed on the site of the shrines of the two Imams in 1515 AD. It is a world famous shrine and one of the most important mosques in the Islamic world, with a huge gilded dome on a circular drum, four minarets rising above its courtyard all coated with gold, Kufic inscriptions, canopied balconies, glinting mirror mosaics, lustrously glazed tiles, and floors of marble.

Entering Kadhimain Shrine, one is overwhelmed by a feeling of majesty and amazement, as soon as he/she sees the galleries and cloisters. These galleries are decorated by ceramic tiles with their geometric engravings and Qur'anic verses.